There shigellosis it's a'bacterial infection which impacts on the digestive system, determined by a group of bacteria called shigella. The bacterium in question can spread through contaminated water and food, or by contact with contaminated feces. The bacteria release toxins that irritate the intestine, resulting in a series of symptoms which - as we will see - have the most common in diarrhea.
Although bacterial infection is defined as "shigellosis", This condition is often referred to as"shigella”, Thus indicating the name of the bacterium.
But what are the symptoms of shigella? How can it be prevented and treated?
Let's try to reveal some of the main characteristics of this condition, and how to find the best wellness!
Symptoms of shigella
As we have already partly mentioned, frequent attacks of diarrhea particularly watery constitute the main symptom of shigellosis. In addition to such a symptom, they can also occur cramps abdominals, nausea is He retched. Many people who have contracted shigella also have blood or mucus in their stools, with a generally low fever.
Symptoms begin to appear within 3 days of contact with the shigella bacterium, but in some cases the symptoms of infection can appear even a week after contact with the bacterium itself.
As for the longevity of these symptoms, diarrhea and other typical symptoms of shigellosis last from 2 to 7 days. If the condition occurs mildly, there is usually no need to proceed with a specific treatment. However, even if the infection is mild and the attacks of diarrhea are not particularly important, there is still the need to remain sufficiently hydrated between one period of diarrhea and the next. Also call your doctor if you notice that the diarrhea persists for more than 3 days, as you should in every way avoid main real risk of shigellosis, the dehydration.
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As we have just stated at the end of the previous paragraph, it is the fight against dehydration that is the main goal of treatment for most cases of shigella. It is therefore important to drink plenty of fluids, and above all electrolyte solutions, many of which are available in the parapharmacy (ask your doctor anyway!). It is usually not necessary to take medicines to relieve diarrhea, because in some cases you may even run the risk of worsening the infection.
If the infection is moderate or severe, the condition may require medical treatment. Treatment usually includes antibiotics to eliminate bacteria from the digestive tract, but the doctor may also test the stool to confirm that it is the shigella the actual source of the infection. Having obtained this confirmation, the doctor will be able to choose the right drug to fight shigellosis with greater awareness. Azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole / trimethoprim are the most frequently prescribed medicines.
Much rarer is hospitalization for the shigellosis. However, in some serious situations, it will be necessary to stay in a facility, including in order to administer intravenous fluids and drugs.
The complications of shigella
Most of the people with shigella it has no lasting negative effects. However, about 2% of patients with this problem develop a condition called post-infection arthritis. Symptoms of post-infection arthritis include the presence of joint pain, painful urination and eye irritation. Post-infection arthritis can become a chronic condition that lasts several months, years or for the rest of life, and is determined by a reaction to shigella infection, which occurs only in people who are genetically predisposed to it.
The prevention of shigella
It's possible prevent shigellosis practicing good daily personal hygiene. So, washing your hands before and after using the bathroom is certainly a simple but very effective behavior. Also considering that the infection can occur with contact with feces, it is good to throw dirty diapers in a closed bag or in a special bin, in order to prevent the spread of bacteria. Use soap and warm water every time you wash your hands and carefully clean the changing tables and every kitchen surface with antibacterial solutions. Avoid close personal contact with someone who is infected with shigella until at least 2 days after the diarrhea episodes stop.
In that regard, we share how people who have experienced shigellosis should not prepare food for others until they feel better and no longer have any episodes of diarrhea.