Burning in the eyes

Burning in the eyes

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The burning in the eyes it is a rather annoying phenomenon and, only in a few cases, worrying. In most cases, fortunately, burning eyes can be diagnosed quickly and treated with over-the-counter medications. However, there are some rare causes of burning eyes that may require specialized treatment. Let's find out together.

Causes of burning eyes

Dry eyes, sunburn, and pterygium can cause a burning sensation in the eyes. Doing a little order, the common causes of burning eyes include:

  • blepharitis: Blepharitis is characterized by flaky skin and dandruff at the base of the eyelids. It is caused by a bacterial infection and, among other symptoms, there are redness of the eyes and swelling;
  • dry eyesDry eyes can be a consequence of when the tear canals are not producing enough tears or the right kind of tears for lubrication. Dry eyes tend to occur more often in women and older people. Other symptoms can include pain, redness, heavy eyelids, blurred vision;
  • eye allergies: Also known as allergic conjunctivitis, eye allergies occur when irritants get into the eye. The body responds to these substances by producing histamines, which can cause burning. Common triggers of eye allergies are dust, pollen, smoke, perfumes, and foods. Other symptoms of eye allergies include redness, swelling, itchy eyes;
  • photokeratitisOverexposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun's rays can cause sunburn of the eyes, also known as photokeratitis. In addition to burning, symptoms include sensitivity to light and tearing;
  • ocular rosacea: ocular rosacea is a condition that causes inflammation of the eyelids. It affects people who have rosacea, a skin condition characterized by redness and redness of the face. Additional symptoms of ocular rosacea include pain, sensitivity to light, loss of vision - only in severe cases;
  • pterygium: pterygium is a growth of fleshy tissue on the white part of the eye. It usually occurs closer to the nose, although it can also appear on the outside of the eye. Symptoms include burning eyes, itching, redness, and swelling.

Diagnosis of burning eyes

It's important promptly identify the underlying cause of burning eyes. People who suffer from burning eyes should therefore consult a doctor as soon as possible to arrive at a correct diagnosis.

To this end, we report how the doctor will begin to diagnose burning eyes by investigating the patient's medical history, and asking what the symptoms are. The doctor will then ask questions about when the symptoms started, what makes them worse or better, and if the person has a history of any other condition that affects the eyes.

A doctor will also review the medications the person is taking, as some medications, such as decongestants, can contribute to burning eyes.

In addition toanamnesis, the doctor will also perform a direct eye examination, looking for signs of irregularity, dryness and trauma. Ophthalmologists will also be able to apply drops to the eyes which allow them to better observe the site of potential inflammation.

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Treatments and home remedies for burning eyes

THE treatments for burning ai eyes often they obviously depend on the underlying cause. For example, if the burning eyes are due to a bacterial infection, a doctor may recommend antibiotic eye drops to treat the infection.

Other interventions a doctor may recommend to contain the discomfort of burning eyes include:

  • cleaning at the edges of the eyelids near the base of the eyelashes, using a mild cleanser indicated by the ophthalmologist and warm water;
  • apply eye drops lubricants to reduce redness and improve eye comfort. For very dry eyes, a doctor may prescribe lubricating eye drops;
  • apply a warm compress to the eyes. Make a compress by soaking a clean, soft towel in warm water and then placing it over the eyes;
  • use drops or tablets antihistamines to reduce the effects of allergic reactions in the eyes;
  • take supplements such as fish oil and flaxseed, which can help reduce the effects of dry eyes. They are especially useful for people with ocular rosacea;
  • drink a lot of water during the day, which can help keep eyes moist and reduce dryness;
  • take breaks regular from the use of the screen of a computer, to help reduce dryness and irritation of the eyes.

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