Foot fungus: how to recognize and treat them

Foot fungus: how to recognize and treat them

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THE mushrooms at the feet are a common foot problem and, according to some recent studies, nearly 2 out of 5 people will end up experiencing fungus on toenails and other areas of their limbs in their lifetime.

It is a disorder that has several more or less significant implications.

Infections commonly referred to as "foot fungus“They can in fact be uncomfortable, embarrassing and counterproductive for one's own serenity and self-esteem. Furthermore, if neglected, they can gradually worsen over time, becoming increasingly difficult to eradicate.

In any case, there is good news: in fact, in large part, i foot fungus they are easily avoidable if you simply know what it is and know what to watch out for.

And that's why we've tried to summarize everything you need to know about foot fungus, the two most common types, their causes and the main treatment options.

What are foot fungi

Before delving further into our study on foot fungus, we need to try to understand what is a mushroom and how it can affect your foot.

When one thinks of mushrooms, one can commonly imagine something that has to do with spores and… that's not a mistake. A fungus - and that of the foot is certainly no exception - is in fact a primitive organism that belongs to the same "world" as molds, for example.

Fungi live in the air, in the soil, on plants and in water, and although they are often external elements, separated from their bodies, some fungi actually end up with live in the human body.

Having clarified this, it must also be remembered that not all types of mushrooms are harmful to our health: they are about half and, often, foot fungi are among the most annoying ones.

As regards their reproduction, some mushrooms reproduce through small spores in the air, which can be inhaled or touched. As a result, fungal infections often start in the lungs or on the skin, and you are more likely to get a fungal infection if your immune system is weakened or if you take antibiotics, as in these situations the body is weaker and less able. to fight the spores.

That said, and coming to today's focus, for some types of mushrooms feet are the ideal environment. The spores will in fact end up taking up residence on the moist and warm skin of the feet, growing and feeding. It is for this reason that you can usually help ward off foot fungus by keeping your feet as clean and dry as possible, avoiding going barefoot in public areas that may be contaminated with fungus, and using a preventive topical antifungal treatment on your feet .

Fungi on the toenails

One of more typical forms of foot fungus is theonychomycosis, or toenail fungus. In this case, the spores of the fungi invade the area under and around the toenail, which will eventually take on a green, yellow or black color. Therefore, the nail will tend to thicken and crumble.

Toenail fungus can be quite uncomfortable, because the fungus will end up exerting excessive pressure on the toenails, making it difficult to clean the feet, wear shoes and even walking.

Fortunately, toenail fungus, however persistent, can also be effectively tackled. As a rule, topical treatments are used that in a few months allow to obtain good results or, in the further case, antifungals to be taken orally.

Athlete's foot

The athlete's foot is another of the most common conditions of foot fungus but, contrary to what its name might suggest, not only athletes suffer from this condition: athlete's foot it is in fact one of the most common fungal infections.

Also called tinea pedis, athlete's foot causes peeling, redness, itching, burning and sometimes blisters and sores on the feet.

These uncomfortable symptoms can obviously interfere with daily life and, unfortunately, leave the feet more vulnerable to other infections (fungal, bacterial and viral).

There are several spores that cause athlete's foot, but - in general - these tend to live on the dead tissue of the hair, on the toenails and on the outer layers of the skin. Additionally, this form of fungus grows best in a warm, humid environment such as shoes, socks, swimming pools, changing rooms, and public shower floors.

Of course, in order to avoid athlete's foot, the first recommendation that is usually made is to be careful not to walk barefoot in these circumstances.

If you find yourself having to deal with the typical symptoms of athlete's foot, it is advisable to seek prompt advice from a dermatologist, who can diagnose and treat this condition. Typically, appropriate antifungal medications are prescribed, topical soothing ointments are suggested to help manage itching and swelling, soaking your feet for sweating caused by the fungus is recommended, and stricter foot hygiene is advised.

Read also: Natural remedies for athlete's foot


Although toenail fungus and athlete's foot are two of the most common conditions, there are actually dozens of fungi that can infect your feet. Therefore, if you notice changes in the color of the foot, in the structure, in the smell or in any other aspect, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist. The sooner the fungal infection is diagnosed, the easier the treatment will be!

Video: Trimming of Super Thick Fungal Nails: FULL TREATMENT (May 2022).