Percheron horse: characteristics and character

Percheron horse: characteristics and character

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The name quickly suggests the origins of this splendid Percheron horse which is also bred in Italy and lends itself to various uses. Let's get to know its noble characteristics and its exciting history right away.

Percheron horse: origins

The breed takes its name from the precise area of ​​France where it originated, a northern province named Perche. In particular, this horse was born in the valley of the Huisne river that rises in the Orne. Immediately, the Percheron will be bred in the countryside around Paris, especially in the West and South of the area near the capital and undergoes crossbreeding that changes its characteristics.

We often find him protagonist together with the man of history of France, was used both in agriculture and as a carriage horse due to its more than presentable appearance. It is one of the heaviest horses known today, so it is very powerful but at the same time able to move elegantly.

Percheron horse: characteristics

Of great size, muscular and imposing, the Percheron horse it is an animal much appreciated by those who love horses. Let's start by describing it from the head, small compared to the rest of the body even if it does not break the general harmony, with a straight profile, a square and wide forehead and eyes that protrude slightly and are very expressive. The ears are not too long but stick out very straight, the nose is instead flat with large and well open nostrils.

The neck has a medium length and connects the head with the body, it is muscular and with a thick and generous mane, the withers are high, measure about 156-170cm, and it is raised, the rump is wide and rounded, it seems comfortable, and softly accompanies us up to the attack of the tail, very flowing, it is a little low.

The shoulders of this horse are set back and very sloping, excellent for moving in a free and agile way, both the chest and the thorax are wide and open, and the very marked ribs emerge. The whole body but especially the limbs are covered with performing muscles, also the forearms are shown powerful as well as the shins which are slightly short compared to the rest of the body. Let's move on to the hocks which although wide have thick and exceptionally robust joints with solid and resistant tendons.

The pastorals together with the limbs form rather open angles, the feet are large, and have nails of a color that goes from black to blue. They also have a tuft that usually covers the fetuses but is not particularly abundant so the Percheron it is not a breed particularly vulnerable to skin diseases of the limbs.
Now that we have the shape of this horse in mind, let's see the colors. It can take on many, the one we can most frequently encounter is the generally pomellato gray, while morello and roan are found more rarely.

There are also several lines regarding the colors to be accepted for this breed, the French also accept the roan and the sorrel while the English are more rigid and only contemplate the gray pomellato and the morello. Some specimens may also show white marks both on the head and on the legs, signs that are accepted only if not particularly evident.

Percheron horse: character

The Percheron despite the size on which it could leverage, it is a extremely peaceful animal is intelligent, he always has good relationships with those who raise him and is easy to train. He is tireless and elegant, he always seems to make no effort.

Percheron and Augeron horse

If you like the Percheron breed you may also be attracted to horses that belong to that of Augeron, also known as Caen or Virois. This breed in fact originated from the Percheron during the nineteenth century and was reinstated in the Percheron in the 1960s. These are horses that are usually bred in the region Pays d’Auge, and are light gray in color, tall, strong, well built and energetic. What is most appreciated about them is their beauty and homogeneity.

Percheron horse: uses

Let's get to know what kind of use of Percheron has been done in the past and what is done today. In history they have been used as a horse from battle, thanks to its characteristic of having little hair on the legs, preferred to motor vehicles for their versatility. There are also those who have used them in hunting, to pull carriages or to carry out agricultural work in the countryside.

During the twentieth century it has always been appreciated, also for its size which allowed it to become the favorite for stagecoaches and postal wagons; in 1905 the Paris omnibus company alone owned 13,770 Percheron. They were horses easy to import and in countries that requested them the most, as early as the nineteenth century, they were United States, Australia and South Africa. Also in England they wanted the Percheron, between 1918 and 1922 they bought 36 stallions and 321 mares who were the progenitors of the British Stud Book held by the British Percheron Horse Society.

And what use is made of this big and powerful horse today? It is still used today for transport, this time of tourists, for example in parks and protected natural oases, but in its country of origin we can also find it used for meat production.

Percheron horse: breeding

It is quite obvious that most of the farms of this breed they are located in the territory of neighboring France, and always in the North West area, but this horse is also known and appreciated in Italy where we can find it and see it at the Belverdere Farm in Lombardy.

You may also be interested in our articles:

  • Friesian horse
  • Fell horse
  • Andalusian horse
  • Horse breeds: an article dedicated to each breed

Video: 18 Interesting Facts About Percheron Horses You Probably Never Knew (June 2022).


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