Cavallino della Giara: characteristics

Cavallino della Giara: characteristics

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Also called Acheta, Akkètta and Cuaddeddu in Sardinian language, the Cavallino della Giara it is a breed that has clear Sardinian origins, it lives almost exclusively on this island, indeed, almost only on the plateau of the Giara di Gesturi, where it lives in the wild. Let's visit him in his parts to understand his characteristics but also his behavior and how to try to reach him to get to know him in person.

Cavallino della Giara: origins

Let's start by investigating its origins even if there are not many doubts about it. This horse was certainly born in Sardinia. However, there is some doubt in attributing the merit of his birth. There are some experts who are convinced it comes from African horses, previously imported to Italy by sailors Phoenicians or Greeks in the V-IV century BC

However, there is a second theory, very different, which argues that the Giara horse was already a millennium earlier present on the island at that time and was already known and raised by nuragic populations. If all this is true, the African horses would have nothing and the breed would be descended from the wild horse present in Sardinia since the Neolithic. Fossils have also been found, dating back to 6000 BC about.

Cavallino della Giara: characteristics

Remaining in doubt, let's get to know yours physical characteristics, to be able to recognize it when maybe we will find it in front of us.

This animal is of the mesomorphic type, it does not have a large size but it cannot be considered a pony, it is simply a small horse. We specify this because its weight usually varies between 170 and 220 Kg while the saturation at the withers in males ranges from 1.28 meters to 1.32 meters, for females it is a little lower, between 1.25 and 1.27 meters.

Let's start with the head which has a rather square shape, the eyes are affected by the slightly almond cut but above all it affects the mane which has a very showy tuft and falls on the sturdy and moderately long neck. The withers are barely pronounced while the rump is short and sloping with the tail set low and covered with thick hair a bit like the mane. The limbs of the Cavallino della Giara they are rather slender and in comparison to those of other breeds they are not very muscular. The thighs are thin, the shins are long and end with small feet but which represent a point of support in any case safe.

Let's move on to the coat which is usually uniform in color, wild bay, blackberry or burnt sorrel. In the standard of this breed are also indicated the most frequent defects such as those of perpendicularity, often linked to rickets, especially in the region of the hocks which can often be vaccinated and cut.

Cavallino della Giara: character

The Giara ponies are not easy horses to deal with and it is better not to entrust them to beginners. They indeed have a restless character and an indomitable nature.

Cavallino della Giara: video

Before continuing in the knowledge of this animal, let's go and spy on it in its natural habitat with a video.

Cavallino della Giara: attitudes

Generally we find the little horses of the Giara gathered in stable family groups in which there is a dominant male and other females, from one to eight. These nuclei of animals, whether they are made up of 2 or 9 specimens, still have their own territory in which they live, well defined but which in some cases may possibly overlap the area of ​​other groups, at least partially.

When the foals are born, they remain in the group of their parents until the fertile age, then they are expelled. As for the stallion, however, we consider that when he reaches the age of about 20 years it gives way to a younger descendant by joining a group of all males.

Cavallino della Giara: habitat

At one time, at least until the Late Middle Ages, the little horse of the Giara it was widespread throughout the Sardinian territory while now we can find it confined to the plateau from which it takes its name. There are fewer than 1000 specimens., All resident on a plateau that has an altitude between 500 and 600 meters above sea level, with steep walls that have led to a natural isolation of the herds of little horses, guaranteeing the purity of the breed.

Today we can also meet some horses on Mount Arci, protected by the Capo Caccia nature reserve in Alghero and Foresta Burgos, where in 1971, the Ozieri Equestrian Center created a breeding and repopulation center. And then there is the Cavallino della Giara Museum in the Giara di Gesturi where he lives grazing on the plateau known as Sa Jara Manna (the great Giara). You can also organize excursions, the best time is spring because you find yourself immersed in a myriad of flowers, sighting specimens of Giara ponies even just born.

You may also be interested in our article on the French Anglo-Arab Horse

Video: I Cavalli della Giara 1950 (May 2022).