Sage, properties

Sage, properties

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Sage, properties and benefits: all the information on the effects of officinal sage (common sage) and white sage (salvia apiana). Side effects, contraindications and use of sage infusion.

There Sage, used in the kitchen since the time of the Egyptians, is among the most popular aromatic plants for both benefitswhich contributes to human health, both for its organoleptic properties.

There sage belongs to the Lamiaceae family, the same as the Mint. It is a plant native to the Mediterranean area and, in addition to being widely grown in pots or in the garden, it grows spontaneously. The name of thesage derives from the Latin term "salus" (health and salvation) and its root is the same as the verb "to save". The name suggests that it is a plant with multiple benefits.

The ancients already believed that it could cure many ailments. It was even venerated as a "plant of immortality" and the Romans collected it following a particular ritual: the harvest had to be done by barefoot people in white tunic and without the intervention of iron tools.

White sage

Ofsagethere are 986 species, each valued in different cultures.

For example, theSalvia apiana orwhite sage is considered a sacred plant for peoplesNative Americans,it is used as incense in many ceremonies. Its popularity also makes it available in local herbalists or on Amazon, where a pack of natural white sage is offered at a cost of € 9.78 with free shipping.

For all information, I refer you to official product page.

If the use of the white sage as incense may seem bizarre to you, know that a search forDepartment of Pharmacy and Pharmacologyat the University of Witwatersrand, showed a 94% reduction in bacteria and microorganisms (including mold) when the environment is subjected to "smudging" with white sage. The term "smudging" refers to the practice of burning herbal incense.

Purifying the air of bacteria and microorganisms of various kinds has a major impact on health, the US Environmental Protection Agency reminds us that many diseases and health problems are due precisely to the presence of mold and bacteria in our homes.

Traditional Native American smudging is practiced with white sage, however nobody forbids us to perform the same practice with local sage (Salvia officinalis)!

Sage, properties

Leaving aside the other sage species, we will focus onpropertyof the one most used in the kitchen, that is on thecommon sageorofficinal sage (Salvia officinalis)

Considered in ancient times the queen of medicinal plants, today confirmations arrive from the scientific community that confirm some of the benefits connected to this plant. Here is a list of the beneficial properties associated with the plant:

  • Performs digestive function
  • It stimulates the action of gastric juices
  • It is a good tonic for the heart
  • It has an antibacterial, disinfectant, decongestant and diuretic action
  • Fights hyperglycemia
  • Relieves spasms thanks to its intrinsic balsamic properties
  • It has a beneficial effect on the adrenal glands
  • Strengthens the mucous membranes
  • It prevents seasonal ills and relieves symptoms
  • Combats hoarseness, cough and sore throat
  • Counteracts the cold

There sage, as well as its essential oil, can be appreciated for oral hygiene:

  • Fights cavities
  • Makes tooth enamel shiny and whiter
  • Smells the breath

Herpropertythey are linked to the presence of various active ingredients such as cineole, estrogenic substances and various polyphenols, among others.

How to take advantage of the benefits of sage

  • Internal use: sage can be taken in the form of herbal tea or an infusion of fresh leaves. You can drink a cup of infusion in the morning before breakfast and sporadically in the evening.
  • External use: add 10 drops of sage essential oil to the bath water in case of oily or impure skin

Sage can also be appreciated from a nutritional point of view: it provides antioxidants, flavonoids, niacin (vitamin PP) and nicotinamide (precursor of vitamin B3).

Sage, contraindications

There sage contains traces of thujone, a complex ketone (found, for example, in absinthe) with a menthol smell, which can be toxic if taken in high doses. In this regard, it is good to take the product in moderation, especially when it comes to essential oil for internal use or in case of prolonged intake of infusion of salvia officinalis.

Sage is contraindicated for those suffering from nervous pathologies and should be consumed with caution by women during the lactation period and during pregnancy (it contains estrogenic substances). Furthermore, it is necessary to be very careful not to let it come into contact with the ocular mucous membranes, some active ingredients contained in sage can be irritating to the eyes.

How to grow sage

Theresageyou cancultivateeasily in the garden or at home, with pot cultivation. Sage is also appreciated for its ornamental value, there are some varieties of flowering sage to grow at home, both for use in the kitchen and for flowering in late spring. For all information: how to grow sage.

Video: Picking Sage and Great Advice from an Elder (May 2022).