How to grow ficus benjamin

How to grow ficus benjamin

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How to grow ficus benjamin: treatments, diseases, repotting and advice tocultivation of Ficus benjamin.

TheFicus benjamin orFicus benjamina it is a very common houseplant. In reality, its spread is not only linked to cultivation in pots. Ficus benjamin is also widely cultivated in the open ground, in the garden or as an ornamental plant in squares and streets. Its versatility makes it perfect to grow at home, as street furniture or even with the bonsai technique. If your intention is to heal and nurture a ficus benjamin bonsai, I invite you to read the dedicated page: ficus benhamin bonsai. On this page we will focus oncultivation of ficus benjaminas an ornamental plant.

How to grow ficus benjamin

When the plant is grown indoors and spends most of its time indoors, it is necessary to check that there is good air exchange. In general, thecareto dedicate toficus benjaminmust relate to:

  • The quality of the soil to be corrected, from time to time, with fertilizers
  • Temperatures
  • Exposure
  • water
  • Air
  • Remedies for any diseases

What are theillnessesmost common ones attacking ficus benjamin? In summer, if the plant is kept indoors with few air changes and high temperatures, it will begin to loseleaves. If the ficus benjamin sheds leaves, correct your way of treating the plant.

Ficus benjamin: diseases

As stated, the large parts of diseases that can affect aficus benjaminagrown indoors, are related to improper maintenance practices. Then there are someillnessesrelated to fungi and parasites.

  • If the lower leaves fall: the environment is too dry or there is too much direct light.
  • If all the leaves fall: bad air exchange and / or exposure to wind.
  • Fungal diseases: bad air exchange, bad drainage and excess humidity.
  • Cochineal: This parasite produces honeydew and attracts ants.
  • Mites: cause yellow leaves and shriveled leaves, leaf drop.

For cochineal, you can use a mineral oil-based product as explained in the article "lemon cochineal". In practice, cochineal is covered with a rigid structure that makes it immune to classic pesticides, so it is important to use mineral oil-based pesticides (they are also allowed in organic farming) such as, for example, the white mineral oil Cifo: a pack of 500 ml, on Amazon, you buy at a price of 13.90 euros with shipping costs included in the price. For all product information, I invite you to visit the official Amazon page: Cifo Oleosan Plus. I gave you this example, but mineral oil is also marketed by Bayer, Zapi, Compo ...

As for mites, if you notice curling of the leaves of the ficus benjamina, you will need to use a liquid acaricidal product.

In both cases, administer the product also sprinkling it on the underside of the leaves.

Ficus benjamina: cures

Exposure: this houseplant does not want direct light. Requires a lot of light but soft. Do not place the plant near windows with southern exposure, the sun's rays can burn the leaves and cause them to fall prematurely.

Irrigation: you must never overdo it because this plant suffers from water stagnation. The irrigation frequency also depends on the ventilation, the temperature and therefore the evaporation of the water. Avoid soaking the soil or leaving water stagnant in the saucer. On average, from spring to late summer, you should water the plant 2-3 times a week.

Fertilization: from spring to late summer, you will need to administer a good nitrogen-based fertilizer (fertilizer for ornamental plants or fertilizer for green plants). When to fertilize the plant? If you use a liquid fertilizer, you will need to dilute it in water and administer it every 10 days for the entire vegetative period of the plant.

Ficus benjamin: repotting

When to repot ficus benjamina? The appropriate period falls in spring, before moving the plant outside (assuming you have a balcony or a small garden where to transfer the plant in summer).

Depending on where you live, the right month forrepot the ficus benjaminit is March (in the south), April (in the center) and May (in the north). As a general rule, know that you can bring theficus benjaminoutdoors when the night temperature does not drop below 10 ° C.

Repotting should be done in dry soil, however, if many years have passed since the last repotting, wetting the soil could be the only solution to easily extract the clod of soil from the pot.

If you haven't run thepruning, take advantage of thisperiodforprune the ficus benjamin. Pruning should be done before repotting.

For repotting, make sure you have a larger pot (a 40cm diameter pot is great for a 180 - 200cm ficus benjamin) and suitable soil. The soil for benjamin is given by 50% of peat, 10% of universal soil and 40% of a draining mixture (agri-perlite, sand, pumice…).

If the earthen bread is too anchored to the jar, there are two solutions, a wiser one (you will have to peel it off patiently and using something thin and sturdy, like a steel skewer) and a less wise but simpler just soak the soil and extract the earthen bread from the pot) If you opt for the latter route, after repotting, you will not have to irrigate the plant for at least a week and before the next irrigation, you will have to make sure that the soil is completely dry.

Video: How to grow Ficus Benjamina from single leaf very easy (June 2022).


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