Everybalconyit is different: it has its carrying capacity and its exposure. For example, if you have a balcony in the shade, you will have to give up all the plants they need to thrive full sun. Let's analyze which plants to grow on the balcony depending on the available light (balcony facing south, north, west or east).
What plants to grow on the north-facing balcony, balcony in the shade
Let's start with the most difficult topic: thenorth balconyor thebalcony in the shade. If you have a balcony that receives little light, you will have to choose plants that, at the same time, resist the wind (especially if you live on the upper floors) and need little light to carry out the photosynthesis. What plants to grow on a north-facing balcony? We explain it to you in the in-depth study dedicated to "Flowers for balconies in the shade".
Among the plants to grow on the balcony in the shade, we point out:
Among the hydrangeas, theQuercifolia, you will enjoy its beauty not only at the time offloweringbut also for the beautiful ornamental fogle.
What plants to grow on the balcony in full sun, south-facing balcony
If your balcony faces south, you can choose very scenic plants with bright colors. Abalcony in full sun, with southern exposure, it can boast the most popular flowering plants:
- remontant roses
- glass flower
On the south-facing balcony, theplantswho love thedirect sun. In short, if you are looking for plants for a sunny balcony you are spoiled for choice and there is no shortage of aromatic plants such as sage, white sage and rosemary on the list.
Plants for east or west facing balcony
The balconies and terraces witheast or west exposurethey only enjoy the sun for half the day.
The east-facing balconies receive direct sun only in the morning.
A west-facing balcony receives direct light only in the afternoon.
There are many plants that adapt to this amount of light and there is no lack of balcony climbing plants. Among the plants that you can grow on the balcony facing east or west (on the opposite side!) You can choose:
- Pontederia Cordata
- Rustic water lilies.
Climbing plants on the balcony require constant maintenance. Climbing plants, if allowed to thrive in freedom, can cause damage to the masonry as well as become a receptacle and shelter for wild animals (in the best case birds, in the worst cases ants, mice, lizards…).
That's why for thejasmineas well as for other balcony climbing plants (including bougainvillea in the case of a balcony facing south), two pruning operations must be carried out. The first, containment, in early spring and the second at the end of estaet. At the end of the summer you will need to remove any dry branches without cutting the green. The cut must be made on the already dead part so as not to create a new wound.
Forgrow vines on the balconyyou will also need to pay attention to the position of the new branches. As the branches get longer you will need to secure yourself on special supports. Pay close attention to the types of supports used especially if your balcony is ventilated. You will need to secure the new elongation branches well so as not to be cut off by the wind.
And when does winter arrive?
When winter arrives, some balcony plants can be left outside, others need shelter. Much also depends on your geographic location and altitude.
For example, if you have a balcony facing south, you are from the south and you live on the second floor, you can keep the geraniums outside. If, on the other hand, you live in Southern Italy and have a south-facing balcony on the sixth floor of a building facing the sea or in a mountain area where there are strong winds ... you will not be able to keep any plants on the balcony (only more resistant succulents). If you live in the north, geraniums should always be brought back to the shelter as well as most flowering plants.
At the end of summer, all plants must be cleaned of dry branches. You can keep remontant roses and other plants that tolerate the winter cold outdoors.