THEMES

Prunus: characteristics and types

Prunus: characteristics and types

The Prunus belongs to the Rosaceae family and is a typical tree of the temperate climate areas of the northern hemisphere.

The prunus has a great variety of genera that differ from each other in foliage and flowering.

Most Prunus genera are small in size trees that bloom in spring.

The most famous species of prunus that you will surely all know is undoubtedly the Japanese cherry.

In this article I will show you the characteristics of some of the best known species of prunus.

Prunus: characteristics

The prunus it is certainly one of the most beautiful trees in the world. Its properties include its ability to easily adapt to the growing medium.

Prunus, like all plants, needs a well hydrated soil, however thanks to its adaptability it can easily grow in dry and clayey soils.

Pruning is performed to ventilate the plant and lighten it in such a way as to favor its splendid flowering.

Prunus serrulata

Prunus serrulata is undoubtedly the best known type among this species.

The prunus serrulata is a very vigorous tree that boasts double pink flowers which makes it one of the most beautiful and famous in the world.

Prunus serrulata uses most of its energy in the flowering phase and for this reason it does not produce fruit.

Growing prunus serrulata is really very simple, so much so that it can also be adapted to a limited space such as a balcony.

As for the fertilization of prunus serrulata, the ideal is to enrich the soil with a mixture of 80% akadama and 20% of peat.

Prunus serrulata likes constant exposure to the sun and repair from the crosswind. Watering is necessary especially during the summer season.

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Prunus pissardi

The prunus pissardi, commonly called Black myrobalan, is a tree of the Rosaceae family.

Prunus pissardi is a large shrub or small tree that reaches a maximum height of about 5 m, its crown is rounded and very branched.

The leaves have an oval shape and can reach 7 cm in length.

The color of the leaves of the prunus pissardi is purplish tending to red, a color that is maintained throughout the summer season.

The large amount of pink flowers that bloom in spring makes the Prunus pissardi look like a small pink cloud, the fruits on the contrary are few and are small red plums.

Prunus pissardi does not require particular soils making its cultivation simple.

Prunus tomentosa

The prunus tomentosa or Nanking cherry tree is a small tree that grows spontaneously in the valleys of Japan and China.

The prunus tomentosa in the wild grows with more trunks and does not exceed 4 m in height. If cultivated, on the other hand, it grows with only one trunk and can reach 10 m in height.

The prunus tomentosa is a very resistant plant so as to be able to withstand temperatures up to -20 ° C and very strong winds. It prefers well-drained and soft soils but also grows very well in limestone and clayey soils.

If the soil has too much limestone, the prunus tomentosa tends to throw yellow leaves.

In spring the prunus tomentosa is filled with pink buds which, once opened, become white with five splendid petals.

The fruit produced is a small red plum that highlights its splendid leaves even more.

Prunus avium

The prunus avium, commonly called Cherry tree, is part of the rosaceae family and is native to Europe and some areas of Asia Minor.

The white and hanging flower characterizes this plant which sees the ripening of its fruits in the period between May and August, the oval-shaped leaves are bright green.

Prunus avium is a very resistant plant, it likes exposure to the sun with little wind to prevent the flowers from falling early.

To best fertilize the soil, we recommend the use of organic fertilizers such as manure and manure.

The prunus avium should be irrigated constantly, but avoiding water stagnation, pruning is essential to lighten the plant.

Failure to prune can result in reduced growth in terms of the size of its fruit.


Video: Floral Formula and Diagram Class 11. Morphology of Flowering plants. NEET 2020. Vedantu VBiotonic (June 2021).